奥巴马执政以来中美在东南亚地区影响力比较分析/A Comparative Analysis of the Influence of China and the United States in the Southeast Asia Region under the Obama Administration

  • Wu Xue

Abstract

随着中国的加速崛起以及奥巴马政府“重返亚太”战略的实施,中美与东南亚地区的关系在近年发生了很多变化,在东南亚地区的影响力也随之变化。中美两国在政治、经济、军事、文化等方面都加强了与东南亚地区的关系,对东南亚地区的影响力都有不同程度的增长。比较而言,中国对东南亚的经济影响力更大,而美国对其军事以及安全方面的影响力更大。中国大力推行以“亲、诚、惠、容”为理念的周边外交政策,美国积极推进“亚太再平衡”战略,而东南亚各国则继续选择“在经济上依赖中国、在安全上依靠美国”的大国平衡战略,这导致了中美在东南亚地区影响力的持续博弈。

 

With China’s rapid rise and the implementation of the Obama Administration’s ”Return to the Asia Pacific” strategy, both China and the United States have significantly changed their relations with Southeast Asia in recent years. Also, the influence of China and the United States in this region has changed too. Both China and the United States have strengthened relations with the Southeast Asia region in terms of political, economic, military, cultural and other aspects, and their influence has also risen in varying degrees. In comparison, China has a greater impact on the economy of Southeast Asia, while the US has more influence on its military and security. China vigorously implements the neighborhood diplomacy featuring amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness. The United States actively promotes the Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy. The Southeast Asian countries continue to choose the balance of power strategy, relying on China regarding the economy, relying on the United States regarding the security. This has resulted in the continuous game between China and the United States in the Southeast Asian region.

Published
30-11-2015
Section
Research Article