“人类命运共同体”话语传播与国际安全治理 / On Dissemination of the Discourse of "A Community of A Shared Future for Mankind" and the Governance of International Security

  • Sun Jisheng

Abstract

在国际安全治理过程中,国际安全话语据有十分重要的位置。安全话语直接影响国家安全政策。同时,安全政策也需要通过话语来呈现。安全话语与安全政策之间是一个相互影响、相互塑造的关系,二者之间需要保持很好的平衡。从某种程度上讲,国际安全治理同样也存在安全话语的治理。中国作为正在上升的新兴大国,在国际安全治理进程中承担有重要责任,中国独特的国际安全话语将对国际安全治理产生积极影响。其中,中国提出的“人类命运共同体”理念就是一种独特的国际安全话语,其中所体现的安全观与西方传统安全理念中的安全困境、囚徒困境、零和博弈、结构性冲突甚至战争,或是权力政治和丛林法则、力量均衡等就大相径庭。然而,要让中国的国际安全话语对国际安全治理产生更大的影响,就要让世界真正理解中国人的思维方式和不同的秩序观、安全观,就要更有效地传播中国的国际安全治理理念和人类命运共同体理念。

 

International security discourse plays an important role in the process of international security governance. Security discourse has direct impacts on national security policies. However, security policies need to be presented through discourses. Security discourses and security policies are interdependent and intertwined. There should be a delicate balance between the two. To some extent, the governance of security discourse also exists in the governance of international security. As a rising power, China shares an important responsibility in the process of international security governance. China’s unique international security discourse is meant to have a positive impact on international security governance. Among many others, "a community of a shared future for mankind" is a unique international security discourse. The security outlook presented by this discourse is different from the traditional security outlooks in the West, like security dilemma, prisoner’s dilemma, zero-sum game, structural conflict, structural war, power politics and the law of the jungle and the balance of power. However, in order to increase the impacts of China’s international security discourse on international security governance, China has to make the world better understand the Chinese way of thinking and unique outlooks on order and security. China also has to more effectively disseminate its ideas on international security governance and a community of a shared future for mankind.

Published
19-01-2018
Section
Research Article