国际安全治理视阈下的新型国际关系:理想与现实 / A New Form of International Relations from the Perspective of International Security Governance: Ideal and Reality

  • Liu Dan

Abstract

国际安全治理是中国学界近年推出的一种新的国际政治理念、国际政治话语。国际安全治理又与“人类命运共同体”、“新型国际关系”、“一带一路倡议”等密切关联。中国提出的国际安全治理理念与新型国际关系,较之经典国际政治与国际关系理论有四点不同,包括坚持相互尊重原则、平等原则,在重大国际事务上坚持“共商、共建、共享”,坚持摒弃传统的“弱肉强食”法则;坚持公平正义原则,反对富国剥削穷国、主张按公平公正原则解决各种全球性问题;坚持和平、合作、共赢原则,维护世界和平与可持续安全,反对冷战思维、反对扩军备战和结盟活动;坚持开放原则,在开放中实现“五通”,包括政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通等。中国之所以倡导“新型国际关系”、“人类命运共同体”理念以及倡导国际安全治理理念,是因为全球化时代产生了各种全球性问题,需要站在全球高度解决之,而西方倡导的经典国际关系理念和安全理念已不足以解决这些问题。同时,中国长期受经典国际政治与国际关系理论之害,寄望于新型国际关系理论与国际安全治理理论。

 

International security governance is a new international political concept and international political discourse coined by Chinese academics in recent years. This term is closely related to "a community of a shared future for mankind", "a new form of international relations", "the Belt and Road Initiative", etc. There are four different points between China's view on international security governance, its new form of international relations and the classical theories on international political and international relations. China's view includes the principles of mutual respect and equality, it adheres to the principle of "achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration",to abandon the traditional "law of the jungle". China adheres to the principles of fairness and justice, opposes the rich countries in their exploitation of the poor ones, and stands for the idea of solving global problems in a fair and just way. China stands for peace, cooperation and win-win, the maintenance of world peace and sustainable security, opposes cold war mentality, arms race and military alliance. China sticks to its opening-up policy and promotes policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration and people-to-people bonds. China is advocating the ideas of "a new form of international relations", "a community of a shared future for mankind" and promoting the concept of international security governance due to the fact that globalization has produced various world-wide problems. These problems call for global solutions. The classical philosophies of international relations and security of the West are not enough to offer solutions to these problems. At the same time, China has long been confined by the classical international political and international relations theories, so it has to look forward to the theories on a new form of international relations and international security governance.

Published
19-01-2018
Section
Research Article