2010年以来中美大国博弈态势探析 / An Analysis of the Big Game between China and the United States since 2010
This paper attempts to make a systematic explanation of the big game that has unfolded between China and the United States since 2010 in the field of international security and led to a deterioration of China’s national security environment. In 2010, the GDP of China surpassed the GDP of Japan for the first time, and China became the second largest economic entity in the world, surpassed only by the U.S. The rise of China was no longer just empty talk of a few scholars in the field of international relations. On the contrary, the rebalancing of international security relations changed and shook the existing security architecture in East Asia. As a consequence, the U.S. tried to use a pivot/rebalancing strategy to corrode China’s rising momentum which objectively stimulated some of the countries in East Asia to oppose China with the help of the U.S. The U.S. also wanted to strengthen its rebalancing strategy’s effectiveness via these countries’ actions. In the face of the challenges from these countries on China’s core national interests, China had to take the consequences seriously. But China will continue to adhere to the path of its peaceful rise whereas the U.S. will not give up its international hegemony easily as well. This means that the Sino-U.S. game will continue for quite a long period of time as will the security dilemma. However, it will not lead to a new cold war, let alone the outbreak of an extensive world war between China and the U.S. In the face of challenges, China should not take on the same strategy as the U.S. Only if the U.S. does not threaten the core national interests and the security of China, China should focus on economics internally and externally adhering to the "keeping a low profile" and "non-alignment" principles. China should also strive towards building a new type of relationship between China and the U.S. so that the security dilemma can end.
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