网状伙伴外交机制:中俄合作的新路径 —兼论金砖国家治理型机制中的中俄联合主导 / Network Partnership Diplomatic Mechanism: The New Path in Sino-Russian Cooperation - On the Sino-Russian Joint Dominance of BRICS Governance Mechanism

  • Zhijie Cheng
  • Wan Wang

Abstract

成志杰    王  宛 

内容提要】中俄合作是将来一定时期内国际格局变革与发展的决定性力量。但是,中俄关系存在典型的“二律背反”情结:既借重又怀疑,既合作又防范。处理两国关系,除了原有的双边机制外,中俄还可以通过网状伙伴外交机制进行多边机制下的合作。网状伙伴外交机制主要是指中俄在各个相关多边机制内的互动合作,是双方彼此需要、彼此借重,有效处理双边关系,共同应对国际事务的灵活机制。它具有自身的逻辑。加强和深化中俄合作并不意味着中俄要结盟。网状伙伴外交机制的提出更多是中俄合作的新路径,对于缓解中俄关系中竞争与博弈困境、促进相关国际机制发展等具有重要的意义。金砖国家应该建立金砖国家治理型机制。它需要一个主导性力量中心进行推动。网状伙伴外交机制有利于塑造金砖国家机制的主导性力量中心——中俄联合主导,它是金砖国家治理型机制的内涵之一。中俄联合主导将会在金砖国家机制发展中发挥引领作用。

Sino-Russian cooperation will become an important force in reforming and developing the international system in the near future. However, Sino-Russian relations are complicated since the two countries maintain a guarded attitude towards each other even while cooperating extensively. In addition to furthering bilateral relations, China and Russia can also choose to cooperate through multilateral network mechanisms. This provides opportunities for flexible and strategic cooperation and coordination between the two countries. Strengthening and deepening the Sino-Russian cooperation does not imply forming an actual alliance. The network partnership diplomatic mechanism could play an important role in alleviating competition and mistrust between China and Russia, promoting the development of relevant international mechanisms, and providing a new path for Sino-Russian cooperation. The BRICS countries should establish a BRICS governance mechanism which has to be promoted by a leading force. The network partnership diplomatic mechanism could play a leading role in shaping this type of governance mechanism with Sino-Russian cooperation at its core. 

Published
04-11-2014
Section
Research Article