Journal of China and International Relations 2020-03-27T11:20:25+01:00 Xing Li Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp; JCIR provides a forum for exploring how external factors helped shape China’s internal transformations and how China’s inner transformation contributed to reshaping the world.</p> Complexities of Representation 2020-03-27T11:20:25+01:00 Obert Hodzi Yu-Wen Chen <p>Exploring the representational effect of tourism, this study examines factors that influence perceptions that Chinese outbound tourists are representatives or de facto ambassadors of the Chinese government advancing its national objectives abroad. The paper finds that the Chinese government is ambivalent, and at times inconsistent about endowing individual tourists with the responsibility to serve as its de facto ambassadors. In addition, the paper argues that the role of tourism in China’s bilateral relations with South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe influence general perceptions among bureaucrats and elites in the three countries that Chinese outbound tourists are representatives of the Chinese government.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Outbound Tourism, Tourists, Representation, China, Bilateral Relations</p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Book Review 2020-03-27T11:18:13+01:00 Saleh Shahriar <p>Book Review:</p> <p><strong>Li Xing, </strong>ed. 2019. <strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Mapping China’s One Belt One Road Initiative</em>, London: &nbsp;Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-3-319-92200-3.</p> 2020-03-27T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c)