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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in MS Word, RTF, OpenOffice, or WordPerfect format.
  • URLs for all references - including journal articles - have been provided - unless not available.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses Verdana 9; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Full names of all authors are included in the manuscript (first middle and last names) - and will be entered into the electronic submission system in the next steps. Failure to enter the names into to the electronic submission system will mean that names will not be harvested for databases.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • I will suggest two to five independent reviewers in the format name, affiliation, e-mail - and preferably a link to a scopus or Orcid account

    These will be entered in the box "Comment to the editor" at the bottom of this page

  • If the manuscript belongs to a special issue, then I will note this in the box "Comment to the editor" at the bottom of this page.



  • Article length should be 5000-8000 words including everything. Contact the editor for permission to exceed this length
  • The article should be written in British English or alternatively American English; not in mixtures.
  • Writers who are not proficient English users are adviced to seek professional assistance from e.g. Easy English Editing


Text formatting

  • The article should be submitted as an Microsoft Word, RTF, OpenOffice, or WordPerfect document file.
  • Use Verdana size 9 throughout the manuscript – also for title and section headlines.
  • Do not use upper case letters for article title and section headers
  • Do not perform any text formatting other than italics (do not use bold, underlining or other font-sizes than mentioned above) Exceptions are subscripts and superscripts as well as underlining in URLs.
  • Do not use footnotes - use endnotes indicated by superscript numbers. Use endnotes sparsely - or avoid them completely
  • Do not use columns in the manuscript
  • Use single line-spacing
  • Margin size is not pertinent at this stage – but a reasonable setting is 3 cm in all directions
  • Use page numbering (bottom, centered) – This is used for the reviewers to give comments
  • Use line numbering (consecutively numbered throughout the manuscript) - This is used for the reviewers to give comments
Graphics and tables
  • Use vector graphics whenever possible; use only bitmap graphics as a last resort
  • Diagrams, tables and other graphics should incorporated into manuscript and not submitted in separate files
  • Ensure you have the permission to publish any illustrations.


  • Use the built-in equation editor in e.g. Word for equations – apart from small equations that are integrated into the text.
  • Number equations using (x) to the right of the equation
  • Refer to equations in the text by Eq. (x)


  • Captions for figures and tables should be included in the actual manuscript below the respective figure or table
  • Number figures and tables separately
  • Remember sources in captions – e.g.  “Figure 1: Interconnections between Denmark and neighbouring countries [1]”
  • All tables and figures must be referenced in the text using the label e.g. “Figure 2”, “Table 2” or "Figures 2-4". Always use capital F and T. Do not abbreviate to "Fig. 2"


  • All references should be followed by a URL if at all possible. This includes journal articles. Note that e.g. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2009.05.004 and www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544209001777 point at the same article. The short version is preferred - but not essential
  • Use numbered references in square brackets in the manuscript  - i.e. [1]. This style is referred to as “Non-superscripted Number” in e.g. the reference handling software Endnote
  • For multiple references, combine in same brackets [1,4,5] - not [1], [4] & [5]
  • References to articles: State “[number] Author(s), Title, Journal name Volume (Issue) (Year) pages x-y. URL“ – e.g. [2] Kwon PS, Østergaard PA, Comparison of future energy scenarios for Denmark: IDA 2050, CEESA (Coherent Energy and Environmental System Analysis), and climate commission 2050, Energy 46 (1) (2012) pages 275-282. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.08.022
  • References to books: State “[number] Author(s) / Editor (s). Title. Place of publication: Publisher; year” – e.g. [3] Clark WW, editor. Sustainable Communities. New York: Springer; 2009
  • References to chapters in edited books: State “[number] Author(s), Chapter title. In Editor name (s), editor(s). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher; year. p. x-y” – e.g. [4] Lund H, Østergaard PA. Sustainable Towns: The case of Frederikshavn – 100% Renewable Energy. In: Clark WW, editor. Sustainable Communities. New York: Springer; 2009. p. 155-68.
  • Internet references: Follow the template for books to the extent possible – followed by the URL


Manuscript structure

  • Title. Do not write the title (or anything else for that matter in capital letters / upper case. 
  • Author(s) – listed in one line – include full names of everybody; no abbreviations. Use a footnote to indicate corresponding author – also in case of one single author. The footnote must have the following format “Corresponding author – e-mail: alberg@plan.aau.dk”. This should preferably be the only footnote in the manuscript
  • Affiliation(s) – if there are different affiliations for the authors then use one separate line for each affiliation and indicate by superscript letter relationships to names. The letter precedes the affiliation and follows the author name. If all authors share the same affiliation, then only list one affiliation and do not indicate relationships with superscript letters. The affiliation should have the following format “Department (where applicable), Institution, Street address, Postal code + City, Country” – e.g. “Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Skibbrogade 5, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
  • Abstract. The abstract should be preceded by the section header Abstract. Ensure that the abstract is 150 words or less. Ensure that the abstract touches upon a) The problem / issue at hand b) The methodology applied to analyse the issue / solve the problem c) The results or main conclusions of the analyses.
  • Keywords – supply a list of three to five terms following the section header Keywords. One term may encompass more words - i.e. “scenario development", "systems analyses or "wind power integration”. Supply one term per line starting with an upper-case letter
  • Abbreviations – list all non-standard abbreviations following the section header “Abbreviations”. This section may be omitted if not relevant - or if the number of abbreviations is limited.
  • Structure the manuscript in a sequence of numbered sections and numbered subsections. Number using roman numerals e.g. “1 Introduction” or “2.2 Present electricity demand in Germany”. Use descriptive section headlines – avoid single word headlines – e.g. “3 Energy systems analyses” – not “3 Analyses”. This does not apply to the sections Introduction and Conclusion.
  • Acknowledgements – add relevant acknowledgements after the conclusion following the section header “Acknowledgements”. This section may be omitted if not relevant.
  • References – add the list of references following the section header “References” using the template giving previously in these author instructions
  • Appendices – if pertinent, the main text may be followed by one or more appendices numbered and named appropriately e.g. “Appendix 1: The energyPRO GRID model”



During the submission stage, authors are required to suggest two to five reviewers. Enter

name, affiliation, e-mail - and preferably a link to a scopus or Orcid account, e.g.

Poul Østergaard, poul@plan.aau.dk, http://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.url?authorId=7006898013

Note that the reviewers cannot be from the same institution as any of the authors, that they may not have close ties with authors, and that they as a general rule should have a reasonable publication record. IJSEPM is free to use any reviewer - suggested by authors or not.