Municipalities as facilitators, regulators and energy consumers for enhancing the dissemination of biogas technology in Denmark

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Rikke Lybæk
Tyge Kjær

Abstract

Biogas provides many potential benefits as far as renewable energy production, environmental protection and job creation etc. Insufficient initiatives from government/municipalities however hamper more biogas plants to be established, and hence that the large manure potential, and other types of digestible organic waste materials, are being utilized for energy purposes. By looking at municipalities as energy consumer’s, that constitutes a local market for biogas, as regulator’s, enforcing new requirements and regulations on the biogas sector, and finally as facilitator’s, assisting and helping involved stakeholders, the development of the biogas sector could be enhanced. We suggest to: Slim the documentation needed; Require that a part of the municipal heat are provided by biogas; Identify alternative heat markets for sale of non-upgraded biogas; Map new types of gas boosters, etc. We conclude that the role of municipalities as facilitator’s is the most important support that local governments can provide to support biogas.

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Author Biographies

Rikke Lybæk, Roskilde universitet (RU)

Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change (ENSPAC)

Associate Professor

PhD & Post Doc

Tyge Kjær, Roskilde universitet (RU)

Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change (ENSPAC)

Associate Proffessor