Techno-Economic Assessment of Active Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage Systems with Low-Temperature District Heating

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Jose Fiacro Castro Flores http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0194-8317 Alberto Rossi Espagnet Justin NingWei Chiu http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6982-2879 Viktoria Martin http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9556-552X Bruno Lacarrière

Abstract

Thermal energy storage (TES) is a set of technologies with the potential to enhance the efficiency and flexibility of the 4th generation of district heating systems. This study presents a comparative techno-economic assessment of active TES systems suited to operate with low-temperature district heating (LTDH) for short-term heat storage applications. Latent heat systems (LH-TES) are compared qualitatively and quantitatively to water-based sensible heat systems (SH-TES). It is concluded that latent heat TES systems are still more expensive than water-based systems regarding energy storage cost (EUR/kWh) ranging from 1.5 to 4 times more, mainly due to the cost of the storage media. However, considering distributed TES systems integrated to LTDH, small-scale active LH-TES systems will become more cost-competitive as storage media costs are expected to decline in the future. This study represents a step forward in the development and improvement of the DH system through the integration of TES which will play a key role in the future smart energy system.

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Author Biographies

Jose Fiacro Castro Flores, Department of Energy Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden

PhD Fellow Researcher

Alberto Rossi Espagnet, Department of Energy Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden

MSc. Engineer

Justin NingWei Chiu, Department of Energy Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden

Post-doc Researcher

Viktoria Martin, Department of Energy Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden

Professor

Bruno Lacarrière, Department of Energy Systems and Environment, École des Mines de Nantes, 44307, Nantes, France

Professor