Modelling, designing and operation of grid-based multi-energy systems

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Thomas Kienberger
Anna Traupmann
Christoph Sejkora
Matthias Greiml
Benjamin Böckl

Abstract

Two main strategies should be implemented to decarbonise the energy sector: substituting fossil fuels with renewable energies, and increasing system efficiency. Both strategies pose challenges for today's energy systems and their operators, because renewable energy is mainly decentralized, not always predictable, and introduces a degree of volatility into grids. Multi-energy systems, which incorporate multiple energy sectors, allow flexibility options to be used across energy carriers and thus further increase system flexibility. In addition, these multi-energy systems can also improve the overall energy efficiency. They enable cascaded energy use and allow for seasonal storage between different energy carriers. A comprehensive system modelling framework should consider all profound interactions between relevant system control variables. The aim of this proposed paper is to show the correlation between major aspects of grid based MES and how they can be combined in a system modelling framework.

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