A biomass waste evaluation for power energy generation in Mexico based on a SWOT & Fuzzy-logic analysis

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Mariana Hernandez-Escalante
Cecilia Martin-del-Campo


Power energy generation in Mexico based on bioenergy is currently insignificant. However, the potential for taking advantage of biomass resources in the country is considerable. This article aims to evaluate the use of biomass waste for the Mexican energy transition in the near future. The methodology starts by identifying sites with biomass waste and establishing the conversion processes needed to produce electricity for each type of biomass.  A SWOT analysis was implemented to define the criteria for evaluating all options on the same basis. The opinion of experts in energy systems was collected to assign the priority to each criterion. A fuzzy-logic inference system was formulated to assess the options based on the quality of their attributes. The output obtained from the fuzzy analysis is a sustainability prioritisation of all options. We analysed a case study for the Baja California Sur (BCS) region, and the results show the prioritisation ranking of 24 alternatives regarding the sustainable use of bioenergy in the region and we made a proposal of an indicative plan to introduce bioenergy in the region from now until 2032. If the indicative plan were implemented, 61% of the power demand of BCS could be covered with bioenergy by 2032.

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How to Cite
Hernandez-Escalante, M., & Martin-del-Campo, C. (2022). A biomass waste evaluation for power energy generation in Mexico based on a SWOT & Fuzzy-logic analysis. International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, 35, 5–26. https://doi.org/10.54337/ijsepm.7073
Author Biography

Mariana Hernandez-Escalante, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Mariana Hernandez-Escalante obtained a degree in Chemical Engineering from the Universidad Veracruzana in 2013. She completed a Master's degree in Energy Engineering at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), receiving her academic degree in May 2017 with a research thesis entitled Analysis of the participation of biomass in the energy sector in Mexico.

Mariana is working on energy planning in the electricity sector and biomass waste analysis in Mexico. Currently works as lecturer at the Universidad Politécnica Metropolitana de Hidalgo in the Energy Engineering career.