Paving the Way for Heat. Local Government Policies for Developing Bioenergy

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Bente Johnsen Rygg

Abstract

Local governments play dual roles in developing renewable energy projects. They are the targets of many goals concerning energy and climate, set by national and international actors, and they are important actors in energy planning, regulation setting, and the development of infrastructure and residential areas. In this paper, I study how local governments’ technology policies affect the actual outcome of project development based on experiences from 14 local governments. Technology policies are studied from the perspective of Sørensen’s [1] four areas of concern: direct support of innovation, infrastructure, regulation (protection and standards) and public engagement. I find that local governments use policy instruments within all four areas, and that the way local governments involves in the process of bioenergy development are surprisingly similar despite differences in location and size of both the local government and the project.

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Author Biography

Bente Johnsen Rygg, Sogn and Fjordane University College, P.O. Box 133, 6851 Sogndal, Norway and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of interdisciplinary studies of culture, 7491 Trondheim, Norway

Ph.D. student